The Imperator Pavel I (Russian: I - Czar Paul I) was a pre-dreadnought battleship of the Imperial Russian Navy. She was one of the two ships in the Andrei Pervozvanny class.
She joined the Baltic Fleet on completion and had extensive trials near Kronstadt on completion. In 1913 she participated in an extended voyage to Portland and Brest. During World War I she covered Russian minelaying operations and participated in the Ice Cruise of the Baltic Fleet. She was renamed Respublika (Republic) after the revolution and was laid up in 1918. The ship was sold for scrap in 1923.