By the late 1980s, the Mirage 2000 was beginning to age compared with the latest models of U.S. F-16 fighters, so Thomson-CSF began work on a privately funded update of the Mirage 2000C which was to be named the Mirage 2000-5. A two-seat Mirage 2000B prototype was extensively modified as the first Mirage 2000-5 prototype, and it first flew on 24 October 1990. A Mirage 2000C prototype was also reworked to a similar standard, making its initial flight on 27 April 1991. The production aircraft entered operational service in 1997. A two-seat version was developed as well, whose rear seat has a HUD but not an associated head-level display and lacks a built-in cannon, although cannon pods can be carried. Kinetic has followed up their release of the Mirage 2000C with this export version the Mirage 2000-5EI. The Mirage 2000-5EI kit is identical to the previously released Mirage 2000C kit which included all the parts to make the 2000-5 export version but this latest kit includes a small aircraft tow tractor.